Password authentication

ssh <User>@<HostName>

Configuring key based authentication

  • Generate a separate SSH key in a different file

    ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -f ~/.ssh/<keyname>
  • Add the contents of the local <keyname>.pub file to the appropriate authorized_keys file(s) on the SSH host.

    # Method 1
    ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/<keyname>.pub <User>@<HostName>
    # Method 2
    scp ~/.ssh/<keyname>.pub <User>@<HostName>:~/.ssh/authorized_keys
  • Open ssh config file and add host information

    # Open ssh config
    vim ~/.ssh/config
    # Add host information
    Host <name-of-ssh-host-here>
    HostName <host-fqdn-or-ip-goes-here>
    User <your-user-name-on-host>
    Port <port-to-connect-on-host> # default 22
    IdentityFile <path-to-rsa-priavte-key> # e.g. ~/.ssh/<keyname>
  • Connect

    ssh <Host>